History helps pupils gain knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. History inspire pupils’ curiosity, encourages them to ask questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity.
The History curriculum provides opportunities to promote British Values by helping pupils recognize differences and similarities between cultures and within cultures over time. They see the diversity of human experience, and understand more about themselves as individuals and members of society. Pupils are made aware of the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.
New National Curriculum
Under the new national curriculum pupils should “develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history… They should note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms. They should regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. They should construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. They should understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.”
Pupils are required be taught about a range of topics at KS2. As a pyramid we have agreed that the the first schools cover some units, leaving others to be covered in the last year of KS2; year 6.
At first school pupils cover;
Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age
Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots
The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor
A local history study
A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066
The achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following: Ancient Sumer, The Indus Valley, Ancient Egypt, The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China
Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world
The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain
A non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – We choose “Early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900”
At KS3 Pupils are expected to extend and deepen their chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, so that it provides a well-informed context for wider learning. They should identify significant events, make connections, draw contrasts, and analyse trends within periods and over long arcs of time. They should use historical terms and concepts in increasingly sophisticated ways. They should pursue
historically valid enquiries including some they have framed themselves, and create relevant, structured and evidentially supported accounts in response. They should understand how different types of historical sources are used rigorously to make historical claims and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.
As a Pyramid we have agreed that we will deliver the curriculum in a way that enables a coverage of history across different time periods within each academic year by teaching thematically. Therefore each year 7,8 and 9 studies a range of time periods rather than all modern history being taught at year 9. We, collectively, believe this enables links and trends to be taught more effectively and better chronological understanding.
During year seven pupils study the theme of ‘living and believing’ which looks at living conditions and social history from the ancient world to the 20th century. During year eight, pupils study the theme of ‘conflict and control’ which looks at the Norman conquest as well as the modern conflicts of WWI and WWII.