• African Music

Learning is introduced by listening and recognising the music‘s genre and identifying its musical features. In this unit, pupils learn a selection of songs in an African style. They perform together, as a class, an African style piece using some African and non- African instruments and developing their skills in the reading of notation.

Pupils improvise both rhythmic and melodic ideas and work in groups to compose and organise their own version of African music. The performances are filmed and viewed for assessment purposes. Pupils will learn about the different instruments used, how they are played, what they are made from and where they come from. They will also learn about aspects of the African culture.


  • Understanding the Conventions and context of the musical genre ‘March’
  • Ceremonial music – composing a Fanfare (by chance)

Pupils listen to and recognise the sound of a March and identify its musical features. They sing a selection of march-type songs which includes understanding how a march starts and stops. They perform a rhythm piece as a class and in small groups in the style of a march showing understanding of march-type rhythms and more advanced notations. Pupils will develop their instrumental skills learn a marching melody on the keyboard which is performed as a class with opportunity being given for individuals to develop skills at their own level.  They will also learn the basics of marching which is organised as a class and where they experience marching together as a group.

Later in the Spring Term, pupils will learn about ceremonial music, focusing particularly on the musical genre, Fanfare. Pupils will learn to recognise the sound of a Fanfare and learn about its history and origins. They will compose a Fanfare by chance, using a die to determine the rhythm and pitches of the notes. Pupils will continue to develop their understanding of notation by reading and performing the different Fanfare-type rhythms and notating the Fanfare they compose.


  • The sound of Samba

In the summer term pupils are introduced to the sound of Samba, a genre which they recognise by listening and identifying its features. They learn about the different Samba instruments in terms of how they sound, how they are played, what they are made of and where they come from. Pupils find out about where and how Samba began and facts about the genre. They will perform Samba together as a class using Samba instruments, develop further their reading and understanding of notation and how their part fits to the group.  They sing songs in a Samba style. Opportunity is given to organise their own group Samba composition.