Topics may vary from class to class at different times in the year.
Pupils will describe and measure different forces and draw force diagrams. They will explore how fiction and air resistance can be changed and how gravity is a force of attraction towards the Earth. They will discover how balanced forces are involved in floating and sinking. They will practice carrying out scientific investigations and drawing line graphs.
Pupils will learn about the location and function of the major organs of the body. They will investigate the different nutrients needed by the body and how the digestive system takes these nutrients from our food. They will look at how the heart and lungs work together to deliver oxygen in the body and the effect of exercise.
Pupils will learn that as well as causing disease, microorganisms are useful for making foods and for breaking down waste. They look at the importance of hygiene and how foods are stored to stop the growth of microbes.
Pupils will explore the properties of solids, liquids and gases and changes of state. They will learn how to assess risks and carry out simple experiments safely. They will investigate the solubility of different chemicals and how to use filtering to separate solids and liquids. They will look at the difference between reversible and irreversible change.
Pupils will learn about the different components that make up an electrical circuit and learn to draw circuit diagrams using symbols. They will investigate how changing the number of bulbs and batteries in a circuit will affect the flow of electricity around the circuit and the differences between series and parallel circuits. They will consider the dangers electricity poses in and out of the home.
Pupils will dissect plants to examine the function of roots, leaves and flowers. They will investigate germination and how plants grow, as well as pollination and seed dispersal.
Pupils will learn about the signs of life, which define living things. They will classify living things into groups using branching keys. They will study different habitats and some of the adaptions the animals and plants have to live there as well as some of the habitat’s important food chains. They will study how fossil have provided evidence, that the process of evolution has over millions of years adapted species to suit their environment.
Light & Sound
Pupils will investigate how light is reflected by different surfaces and how opaque objects cause light shadows. They will explore how the speed and the size of a vibration will affect the loudness and pitch of a sound.